<– Part 65 – October 17, 1915  | Part 66 – October 24, 1915 |  Part 67 – October 31, 1915 –>

Svetozar Boroević, the brilliant Austro-Hungarian general whose defense in depth tactics elevated him to the nobility and rank of Generalfeldmarschall by the end of the war.

The Entente actions at Artois and Champagne continue, although the seemingly-desperate attacks on the Hohenzollern Redoubt have resulted in little but the bloodletting of a generation, as the redoubt remains in German hands. While the German line seemed to have faltered, the Germans’ new “defense in depth” technique, with features multiple parallel lines of trenches to fall back into, has led to a foundering offensive by the British and French (although the British have claimed major gains at Champagne).

The Bulgarian offensives at Morava and Ovche Pole continue forcing back the Serbian army, although the Bulgarians have been held up at the fortresses of Pirot and Zajecar. Gains are still being made against the French at Krivolak. October 19 saw Italy and Russia declare war upon Bulgaria.

October 18 saw the Italian army surge against the Isonzo for the third time, although they appear to be making some gains this time. It is worth noting, however, that the Austro-Hungarian field marshall, Svetozar Boroević, is able to hold off enemy forces that outnumber him at a greater than 2:1 margin across all metrics – arms, troops, and artillery and heavy equipment.


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